An article by Ronald Goldman, PhD, published in Paediatrics & Chid Health, Vol. 9, No. 9, pp. 630-33 (November 2003). The article provides a very good overview of the current social standing of male infant circumcision. The author makes the point that the current reluctance to confront the religious issue undermines the core values (e.g., the health of the patient is paramount) and ethics (e.g., first, do no harm) that drive medical decision-making.
Article from the LA Times published March 31, 2008. The news article reports various facts:
Penile cancer affects only 1 in 100,000 men
In the first year of life, 1 in 100 uncircumcised boys will develop a urinary tract infection. Only 1 in 1,000 circumcised boys will. "While that's a tenfold reduction, you have to keep in mind that the risk was only 1% to begin with," says Dr. Andrew Freedman, pediatric urologist at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Proper hygiene can prevent most infections.
In 1965, 85% of boys born in the United States were circumcised
as of 2005, 56% of newborn boys were circumcised, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
75% of boys born in the Midwest were circumcised, 65% in the Northeast, 56% in the South and only 31% in the West
Worldwide, only 25% of males are circumcised, and that is mostly for religious or cultural reasons.
Article published in Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1 / Spring 2010. doi 10.3149/thy.0401.78.
Author Dan Bollinger presents a study regarding circumcision deaths. Baby boys can and do succumb as a result of having their foreskin removed by circumcision. Circumcision-related mortality rates are not known with certainty; this study estimates the scale of this problem. This study finds that approximately 117 neonatal circumcision-related deaths (9.01/100,000) occur annually in the United States, about 1.3% of male neonatal deaths from all causes. Because infant circumcision is elective, all of these circumcision deaths are avoidable. This study also identifies reasons why accurate data on these deaths are not available, some of the obstacles to preventing these deaths, and some solutions to overcome them.
Article published in Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1 / Spring 2010. doi 10.3149/thy.0401.71.
Author J. Steven Svoboda discusses how genital integrity advocates struggle to safeguard all children from genital cutting. Gender equity activists promote true equality of men and women. Commonalities and differences between the two movements are very illuminating. Three words relevant to genital integrity are: exceptional, muddle, and discomfort.
The circcumcision page describes the harm of infant circumcision. The surgical procedure of infant circumcision is described, in detail. Various authorities are quoted regarding the pain of infant circumcision.
The circumcision information page includes links to various organizations and other sources that provide information on infant circumcision.
A well-researched article by Michael Fumento describing the transmission vectors of AIDS, as backed up by statistics. The author notes that much dis-information is promulgated regarding heterosexual AIDS. Citing statistics, Fumento notes that there are few cases of heterosexual AIDS that withstand scrutiny.
A paper published BJU International, Vol. 100, Issue 1, pp 5-6 (April 2007). Three avid pro-circumcision advocates wrote a paper justifying male circumcision as a preventative against prostate cancer. The authors claim that lack of circumcision is a risk factor of prostate cancer.
Dr. Van Howe responded to the Morris paper in the BJU International, Vol. 100, Issue 5, pp. 1193-94 (2007). Dr. Van Howe identified faults and unsubstantiated assumptions in the original paper. He states, "The concept of using circumcision to reduce prostate cancer risk has no biological or epidemiological foundation. Even if one is willing to depart from reality and use the most extreme assumptions as put forth by Morris et al., circumcision of infants is not cost-effective."
Study published in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Vol. 34 Issue 2, Pages 160 - 164 (April 2010). The study concluded that "Circumcision appears to have minimal protective effects on sexual health in Australia." Translated into English, "Circumcised men do not have any additional protection against sexually transmitted diseases."
A 2007 article in AssociatedContent Health and Wellness regarding the myth of male circumcision preventing cervical cancer. The article describes the history of research on circumcision and cervical cancer. The various studies are consdered and flaws are pointed out that make the results questionable. It is significant that the American Cancer Society does not identify circumcision status as a risk factor for cervical cancer.
An article in eMedicine about pearly penile papules (PPP). Pearly penile papules are small dome-shaped skin-colored papules that often are located on the sulcus or corona of the glans penis. Commonly, pearly penile papules are arranged circumferentially in one or more rows. They are considered to be a normal feature and are harmless.
Restoring Tally is just an ordinary guy who had to confront his prostate and circumcision problems. This site chronicles his journey in dealing with these issues. He has had prostate surgery and he is restoring his foreskin.