Ken McGrath, Senior Lecturer in Pathology at the Faculty of Health, Auckland University of Technology and Member of the New Zealand Institute of Medical Laboratory Scientists discusses his research into the neural anatomy of the human penis and the physical damages caused by circumcision.
The authors, Taylor and Cold, dissected cadavers to thoroughly study the male prepuce (foreskin). They documented the innervation ofthe ridged band at the opening of the foreskin. The objective of the study was to assess the type and amount of tissue missing from the adult circumcised penis.
This is a YouTube video of a male infant circumcision showing the doctor informing the parents that infant circumcision is only cosmetic and has no medical benefits. For some reason, the parents still want to cut the sex organ of their baby boy. There there is the surgery in graphic detail. I cannot watch such videos. I cannot bear to hear the screams of a baby boy having the most sensitive part of his body being cut off.
A study published in WebmedCentral Epidemiology, 2011;2(9):WMC002206, by Dr. Devon D Brewer. The study examined the association between male circumcision, scarification, and HIV infection in Mozambican children and youth with data from the 2009 Mozambique AIDS Indicator Survey. The study provides compelling evidence that male circumcision of infants and children, even if done in a medical setting, results in a higher rate of HIV infection for the males than if they remain intact. The study also calls into question studies that do not apply rigorous standards for controlling for other causes of HIV infection.
Study published in International Journal of Men's Health, Volume 10, Number 2 / July 2011. DOI10.3149/jmh.1002.184. In the first study of its kind, Dan Bollinger and Robert S. Van Howe, M.D., M.S., FAAP, look at the link between circumcision and the personality trait disorder alexithymia. The study found that circumcised men are 60% more likely to suffer from alexithymia.
Alexithymia is the inability to process emotions. People suffering from alexithymia have difficulty identifying and expressing their feelings. The disorder translates into not being able to imagine what others are feeling and leading to an inability to respond to others’ needs. If acquired at an early age, the disorder might limit access to language and interfere with the socialization process that begins early in life. Moderate to high alexithymia can interfere with personal relationships and hinder therapy. Impulsive behavior is a key symptom of alexithymia, and impulsivity is a precursor to violence.
Article published in Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, Volume 37, Number 2 (Suppl.): Pages 87S-96S, March/April 1992. Marilyn Fayre Milos, RN, and Donna Macris, CNM, MSN, describe the procedure and outcomes of male infant circumcision. The authors discuss the American double standard of the acceptance of circumcision for males but not for women. They also address the many myths that have arisen about male infant circumcision and they debunk them all.
Consider further: The foreskin is normal, healthy, functioning tissue. Circumcision has inherent risks, including hemorrhage, infection, mutilation, and death. Circumcision is painful, even when an anesthetic is used. Circumcision causes both physical and psychological scars. Most importantly, every human being has an inherent, inalienable right to his own body.
Study published in Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 22 August 2011,doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e31822e60cb.
Methods: Male university students (aged 18-20 years) were recruited from 2003 to 2009 and followed up triannually. Shaft/scrotum, glans, and urine samples were tested for 37 [alpha] human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes.
Results: In 477 men, rates of acquiring clinically relevant HPV types (high-risk types plus types 6 and 11) did not differ significantly by circumcision status.
Conclusions:Although the likelihood of HPV acquisition did not differ by circumcision status, uncircumcised men were more likely than circumcised men to have infections detected at multiple genital sites, which may have implications for HPV transmission.
Study published in International Conference on AIDS, 15th : 2004 : Bangkok, Thailand, July 11-16: abstract no. TuPeC4861. The Naval Health Research Center conducted a study of men assigned to aircraft carriers. The results showed that "lack of circumcision was not found to be a risk factor for HIV."
Conclusion: Male circumcision "is not associated with HIV or STI prevention in this U. S. military population."
Study in Chinese Medical Journal, 2009, Vol. 122 No. 24:3017-3019 describing the dorsal penil nerve and how it affects premature ejaculation. The penis has highly variable innervation with between 1 and 7 branches of the dorsal penile nerve, In some cases branches continue the way round to the ventral aspect. The nerve topology could possibly explain the highly variable subjective outcome for circumcision. The study states, "the anatomic distribution of penile dorsal neural variation may account for the disadvantages of circumcision."
A HelpDesk Answer published in Evidence-Based Practice, March 2010. Dr. Julia Fashner updates the February 2004 Clinical Inquiry in American Family Physician, 2004; 69(4):909–910. Dr. Fashner answers the question posed:
Yes. The use of EMLA cream does decrease pain, but it is likely that a dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) does an even better job. Neither will completely eliminate the discomfort of the procedure [infant circumcision].
Restoring Tally is just an ordinary guy who had to confront his prostate and circumcision problems. This site chronicles his journey in dealing with these issues. He has had prostate surgery and he is restoring his foreskin.