Cat Saunders writes about how male infant circumcision violates the human rights of baby boys.She believes that the continued circumcision of baby boys in the US is a violation of their human rights.
We Americans recoil in horror at reports of female circumcision in other countries, yet we refuse to see that brutal acts of genital mutilation are committed every day on baby boys in the United States.
Dr. Cat interviews a group of nurses from St. Vincent's Hospital in Santa Fe, New Mexico. These nurses felt ethically obligated to become conscientious objectors to circumcision. They took a stand and refuse to participate in infant circumcision at the hospital.
A pictorial guide showing the three zones of the intact penis outer covering. The shaft skin, the outer foreskin, and the inner foreskin make up the three sonze. The inner foreskin is almost as long as the shaft of the penis. The pictures are shown in sequence as the foreskin is retracted.
A study of Pastibell caused penile injuries published in Journal of Pediatric Urology, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 23-27 (February 2010). Male infant circumcision has risks and complications. The Plastibell in particular is subject to complications because the plastic bell is left on the penis for an extended period with no doctor supervision or monitoring. Complications include extensive skin loss, urethrocutaneous fistulae, and partial necrosis of the glans penis.
A paper published in The Medical Journal of Australia, MJA 2003 178 (4): 155-158. The authors conclude that the rate of circumcision to treat phimosis in boys aged less than 15 years is seven times the expected incidence rate for phimosis. Many boys are circumcised before reaching five years of age, despite phimosis being rare in this age group. Phimosis appears to be a false diagnoses to justify circumcision when the surgery is not truly medically necessary.
Paper published in Ethnicities, June 2010 vol. 10 no. 2 181-207. doi: 10.1177/1468796810361654. The author argues that the assumption that there is no harm and, consequently, no reason to intervene against male circumcision, is an erroneous assumption. He highlights evidence that suggests that, according to the criteria of sexual diminution, pain and coercion employed to criticize FGM, circumcision can be viewed as a harmful act of Male Genital Mutilation (MGM).
American Urological Association (AUA) symptom index is a self-help questionaire that helps men gauge the severity of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). The test asks 7 questions related to common symptoms of BPH.
The frequency of each symptom is then rated on a scale of 1 to 5. These numbers added together provide a score that is used to evaluate the severity of a man's enlarged prostate. An AUA score of 0 to 7 indicates a mild condition; 8 to 19 indicates a moderate condition; and 20 to 35 indicates a severe urinary problem.
A study published in BMC Urology 2008, 8:6 doi:10.1186/1471-2490-8-6. Children aged from 2 to 14 were diagnosed with phimoses, in addition to other ailments. The phimosis was treated with sutureless prepuceplasty with good results. A longitudinal dorsal slit is healed by second intention, that is, the wound is allowed to close naturally without sutures.
A study published Sexually Transmitted Infections, doi:10.1136/sti.2010.042895, determined that there was no association between circumcision and HIV for men having sex with men. The researchers concluded that circumcision is unlikely to be a feasible HIV prevention strategy for gay men in the UK.
This study supports other studies that found no link between circumcision status and HIV infection rates among homosexual men.
A New York Times article from September 24, 2006, about Cheryl Chase. Cheryl was born with a large clitorus that was removed as a child. She became a strong advocate for intersexed people and formed Intersex Society of North America.
An article discussion the pain response of infants. Unlike adults, infants are not capable of inhibiting pain. Instead, the "brain actually enhances the pain inputs rather than suppressing them. It's a complete reverse of what happens in an adult," says Professor Fitzgerald. The fact that the infant nervous system is, in a sense, receiving more pain than in adults intensifies the need to look for better analgesics (pain-relieving drugs) for newborn babies.
Restoring Tally is just an ordinary guy who had to confront his prostate and circumcision problems. This site chronicles his journey in dealing with these issues. He has had prostate surgery and he is restoring his foreskin.